In this week’s episode of A Reader’s History of Science Fiction, I talked about constructed languages, or conlangs. I listed the major ones I discussed in the description, but there were many more that I mentioned in passing, which I didn’t have space to list. So, as I’ve done a couple times before, I’m following up here with a complete list.
Lingua Ignota (St. Hildegard of Bingen, 12th century)
Dovahzul (Adam Adamowicz, Skyrim)
Lojban (The Logical Language Group, 1987)
Esperanto (L. L. Zamenhof, 1887)
Barsoomian (Edgar Rice Burroughs / Paul Frommer, John Carter of Mars)
Quenya (J. R. R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings)
Sindarin (J. R. R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings)
Old Solar (C. S. Lewis, The Space Trilogy)
Newspeak (George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four) Previously recommended.
Nadsat (Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange)
Martian (Robert A. Heinlein, Stranger in a Strange Land)
Heptapod (Ted Chiang, “Story of Your Life”)
Babel-17 (Samuel R. Delaney, Babel-17)
Pravic (Ursula K. Le Guin, The Dispossessed) Previously recommended.
Ascian (Gene Wolfe, The Book of the New Sun)
Tamarian (Joe Menosky, Star Trek: The Next Generation, “Darmok”)
Speedtalk (Robert A. Heinlein, Gulf)
Tnuctipun (Larry Niven, World of Ptaavs)
Trinary (David Brin, Startide Rising)
Ruanja (Mary Doria Russell, The Sparrow)
Láadan (Suzette Haden Elgin, Native Tongue)
Klingon (Marc Okrand, Star Trek)
Atlanean (Marc Okrand, Atlantis: The Lost Empire)
Na’vi (Paul Frommer, Avatar)
Beama (Christine Schreyer, Alpha)
Dothraki (David J. Peterson, Game of Thrones)
Kastithanu, L’Irathi, Indojisnen, and Kinuk’aaz (David J. Peterson, Defiance) Recommended.